Seasonal Festivals of Jing-Chu
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“Seasonal festivals” refers to festival activities at different times in a year, which are collective custom activities conventionalized in society and life. Jing-Chu in Mind, written by Zong Lin of Liang kingdom in Southern Dynasties (420-589 A.D.), was comparatively one of the earlier notes that documented regional customs and festivals in China, which reflected the social scenes of ancient Jing-Chu people’s interest in life. The main festivals and customs of Jing-Chu are as follows:
Lunar January 1: to bow to the Heaven and the Earth; to worship ancestors; to paste Spring Festival scrolls and the door-gods; to set off firecrackers so as to keep the evils away.
Lunar January 2: to worship the God of Wealth.
Lunar January 15: the Lantern Festival (January 13 to 17 are the Festival of Lanterns)
Lunar February 2nd: Dragon Rise.
In Lunar March: the Tomb-sweeping Day, characterized with activities like tomb-sweeping, spring outing and plugging willow branches in graves.
Lunar May 5: the Dragon Boat Festival, characterized with activities such as inserting calamus or mugwort in front of the door and eating Zongzi.
Lunar June 6: to bask clothes
Lunar July 7: the Chinese Valentine’s Day
Lunar July 15: the Hungry Ghost Festival, to worship ancestors
Lunar August 15: the Mid-autumn Festival, to eat moon cakes
Lunar September 9: the Double-Ninth Festival, to climb high mountains.
Lunar October 1: to send winter clothes for ancestors as a form of worship
Lunar November 15: the Winter Solstice, to worship ancestors
Lunar December 8: to eat Laba rice porridge
Lunar December 23: to see off the Kitchen God
Lunar December 30: the New Year’s Eve, to stay up late to welcome all the Gods.