Who exactly is the Master of Xiong Family Tomb? "Eight Hundred Years of Chu" Claiming it may be King Hui of Chu
Add:2014-04-25 14:04:54 views:
"There is terra-cotta warrior in the north, and tomb of Xiong Family in the south." Ancient tombs ruins of Xiong Family tomb, 40 kilometers northwest of Chuandian Town, Jinzhou District, Jinzhou City, is seen as a high-ranking aristocratic cemetery in Chu with largest scale, best preservation and most complete cemetery distribution, but also an outstanding representative of the highest level of Chu Culture in the Warring States Period. Since its official opening in 2012 during the National Day, it has received much attention from parties concerned. Recently, a documentary called "Eight hundred years of Chu," broadcast in the CCTV and triggered a wave of "Chu culture hot." nationwide. Jingzhou, as the birthplace of Chu culture, is mentioned several times in the program. Especially, carriages and horses battle array of King of the Chu in Xiong Family tomb, a magnificent historical ruins, has been further uncovered its mystery through the program.
In the program, we saw imposing carriages and horses array of 43 carriages and 164 horses. Meanwhile, a three -vehicle driven by six horses found in the array shocked us most. Wang Ran, the professor from History Department of Wuhan University, said in the program, only emperor can drive a vehicle with six horses according to records of "Rituals of Zhou" and other ancient literature. Viewing from the scale of chariot pits, it should be a king tomb. ?All this time, we have much attention and interest on the identity of the master of the tomb, who he is exactly?
Demystify the master of the tomb:
The tomb master is most likely to be King Zhao of Chu or King Hui of Chu by method of exclusion
The identity of the occupant of Xiong Family Tomb has been under speculation and concern for many historians. Professor Xu Wenwu, also the dean of Yangtze University, publishes a paper in " Jianghan Tribune " and speculates according to historical documents and excavation the occupant of tombs of Xiong Family, which is under salvage excavation, is most likely to be King Zhao of Chu, Who made great contributions in the history of Chu,
Chu had experienced 11 kings altogether among the period of the upper and lower limit of time of the tomb currently known. According to the record of historical literature, Xu finally locks down the master on King Zhao of Chu and King Hui of Chu, and concludes that the former is the most likely to be the master by exclusion.
There are two reasons for his conclusion. First, according to the literature, the tomb of King Zhao of Chu would not be far from Ju River by location, and it is in the southeast of the city of Dangyang and northwest of the city of Jiangling, surprisingly conciding with the position of the tombs of Xiong Family. Second, King Zhao of Chu made a huge contribution in the history of Chu, and great achievements in political, military, it can be presumed through his influence in Chu that after his death on the way of war, there would be a grand funeral. The document says "when he died, his people would die for him ". There are a total of 92 tombs, very consisting with the situation of human sacrifice of Xiong family tomb. In addition, from 6 tombs are being unearthed, there are not only one coffin and one outer coffin for one person but also burial objects such as jade, bronze, pottery, suggesting that those people of?special?status were not forced to die but were willing to die.
Viewpoint of "Eight hundreds years of Chu"
The Program referred the tomb master might be King Hui of Chu
However, when the program of" Eight hundred years of Chu" referred the array in its 6th series, Zhang Hongjie, holding a doctoral degree at history in Fudan University, said the tomb master is most likely to be King Hui of Chu, for the age limit, through scientific measurement, is approximately at 476 BC to 400 BC. This is somewhat different from Professor Xu Wenwu's viewpoints. For this, some experts also give explanations.
The experts made such conclusion is because during the end of ruling of King Zhao of Chu, his capital was located at "Ruo, the capital of the Chu State", where stands at southeast of Yicheng County today, while Yicheng is far away from the home of Xiong Family tomb. Experts believe that after Chu king's death, the later generations is not likely to bury him by travelling a long way from Yicheng to Jingzhou. Through the above arguments, the possibility that King Zhao of Chu is master of Xiong Family Tomb is slim. Based on performance, personal virtue during the reign of King Hui of Chu, and the prevailing condition of human sacrifice, the experts believes King Hui of Chu is the master of the tomb.
The tomb master should be a king of Chu with outstanding political and military achievements and performance, since the magnificent tomb has large scale, complete layout and good planning and has also unearthed a six-carriage ride in the chariot pit which reserved solely for the emperor. Compared to other kings of Chu, during the reign of King Hui of Chu, he has made outstanding achievements, and his contribution is well qualified for such a tomb like Xiong Family Tomb.
We can learn from history King Hui of Chu was a good emperor convinced by his minister and the ordinary people, but also a king held the longest reigning in the history of Chu, 57 years from 488 BC to 432 BC. During the Warring States period with feudal prince segmentation and frequent wars, King Hui of Chu not only avoided the annexation of other vassal states of Chu within 57 years, but created a prosperous?situation?of?Zhao Hui resurgent. He could be described as Kangxi Emperor in Chu.
During the reign of King Hui of Chu, he created a prosperous Chu, also he was a benevolent monarch convinced by the minister and embraced by the ordinary people, making much more contributions than King Zhao of Chu. Some experts believe that it does not come as a surprise when King Hui of Chu had a luxurious and grand funeral after his death, and there were people and aristocrat bestowed by the king voluntarily to be buried with him. From the perspective of the size of Xiong Family Tomb, there is certain scientific basis to claim the master of the tomb as King Hui of Chu.
Speaking of King Hui of Chu, in addition to his excellent performance, people take delight in talking about the story that he "swallowed a leech to cure the disease". According to legend, King Hui of Chu spotted a leech when eating cold sauerkraut, so he swallowed, then he had abdominal disease and could not eat. Lingyi (prime minister of Chu) asked King Hui of Chu how he suffered from the disease. King Hui of Chu replied: “I eat cold sauerkraut and find leeches. If I blamed the chef and do not give them punishment, it is to destruct decree and undermine my stateliness. I refuse to do this because I fear people know it. If I scold and punish them, I can not bear to execute the chef and those who manage the meal by law. I swallow it because I am afraid of people around us knowing the thing."
Lingyi left his seat, bowed again and congratulated:" I heard that there is no close and distant relationship in natural law, it only helps virtuous person. The king is benevolent, the disease does not cause harm with the help of the Heaven." That night, when King Hui of Chu went to the toilet, he discharged the leech and recovered from years of abdominal mass.