An Introduction to Jingzhou City
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Jingzhou, called “Jiangling” or “Shashi” in the past, is among the first group of 24 National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities.
Jingzhou, located at 111°15'-114°05' east longitude and 29°26'-31°37' north latitude, is a south-central city in Hubei Province, China. Situated in the heart of the Jianghan Plain, it lies at the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, whose shoreline in Jingzhou amounts to 470 kilometers long, nearly half of the major route of the Yangtze River in the Province. With Wuhan to the east, Yichang to the west, Changde of Hunan Province to the south, and Jingmen and Xiangyang to the north, Jingzhou serves as a transportation hub and material distribution center, a key port city along the Yangtze River as well as in the Sichuan-Hunan-Hubei economic belt, and a national production base for textile, , grain, cotton, oil and freshwater fish.
Jingzhou, with a history of more than 2,600 years, is the birthplace of the Chu Culture and the center of the Three Kingdoms (220-280 A.D.) culture. Dating back to 689 B.C., Emperor Wen of Chu chose the city Ying as capital (now Ji’nan Ancient City, Jingzhou District), which from then on served as the capital for 20 kings of Chu in 411 years and thus became the center of the Chu culture, comparable with the Greek and Athenian culture. Many cultural relics of the Three Kingdoms period are unearthed here, as the city has witnessed numerous feudal lords’ wars for the throne in ancient times. Therefore, Jingzhou has long been known as “Land of Fish and Rice” and “City of Culture”.
Jingzhou has well-developed logistics industry and convenient transportation by water, land and air, There is a national first-class port Yanka Port, two bridges1 across the Yangtze River, two major railways2 and a number of expressways and highways3 linking the city and neighboring cities and provinces. Many more are under construction or planned4. Wuhan Tianhe International Airport has flights to China's major cities and international destinations such as Bangkok, Seoul, Los Angeles, Paris and Berlin (via Beijing or Shanghai). All these facilities have offered the City an easy access to domestic and overseas markets.
In Jingzhou, there are more than 130,000 college students and 27 key labs in institutions of higher education such as Yangtze University and Jingzhou Vocational College of Technology. Meanwhile, there are over 300 research institutions with 198,000 scientific and technological personnel and 23,000 engineers. Furthermore, Jingzhou has five postdoctoral research stations, ranking first in the prefecture-level cities in Hubei.
On November 11, 2011, the declaration of the Waist-building Project (the geographical “waist” of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, or YREB, aiming to tap the potential of central China by developing Jingzhou) by the provincial government and party committee signifies the beginning of the leap-forward development of the City. Since 2011, Jingzhou has taken on an outlook to develop itself into the “steel waist” of the YREB in industry, transportation, urban construction, county-level economy, culture, etc., unleashing numerous vitality in the competition with others.
1. Jingzhou Yangtze River Bridge and Jingzhou-Yueyang Yangtze River Bridge.
2. Hankou-Yichang High-Speed Railway and Western Inner Mongolia-Central China Railway transporting coal from north to south, combined with water transport at Jiangling County.
3. G50 Shanghai-Chongqing Expressway, G55 Erenhot-Guangzhou Expressway, Jingzhou-Jianli arterial highway, China National Highway 318 (G318) and China National Highway 207 (G207) in intersection, etc.
4. Jingzhou-Yueyang Yangtze River Highway-Railway Bridge on the Jingzhou-Yueyang Railway, the Jiangnan (South of the Yangtze River from Laohekou to Shishou) Expressway, Honghu-Jianli Expressway, etc.